Что такое cookie в заголовочных файлах *.h?

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Что такое cookie в заголовочных файлах *.h?

Сообщение жучара »

Друзья Сами понимаете, любой намёк что это что-то кроме печенья и гугл пишет, что это что-то, связанное с браузером. А это не связано с браузером. Вот заголовочный файл.
sparse.h
/*
* Copyright (C) 2012 The Android Open Source Project
*
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/

#ifndef _LIBSPARSE_SPARSE_H_
#define _LIBSPARSE_SPARSE_H_

#include <stdbool.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdint.h>

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

struct sparse_file;

// The callbacks in sparse_file_callback() and sparse_file_foreach_chunk() take
// size_t as the length type (was `int` in past). This allows clients to keep
// their codes compatibile with both versions as needed.
#define SPARSE_CALLBACK_USES_SIZE_T

/**
* sparse_file_new - create a new sparse file cookie
*
* @block_size - minimum size of a chunk
* @len - size of the expanded sparse file.
*
* Creates a new sparse_file cookie that can be used to associate data
* blocks. Can later be written to a file with a variety of options.
* block_size specifies the minimum size of a chunk in the file. The maximum
* size of the file is 2**32 * block_size (16TB for 4k block size).
*
* Returns the sparse file cookie, or NULL on error.
*/
struct sparse_file *sparse_file_new(unsigned int block_size, int64_t len);

/**
* sparse_file_destroy - destroy a sparse file cookie
*
* @s - sparse file cookie
*
* Destroys a sparse file cookie. After destroy, all memory passed in to
* sparse_file_add_data can be freed by the caller
*/
void sparse_file_destroy(struct sparse_file *s);

/**
* sparse_file_add_data - associate a data chunk with a sparse file
*
* @s - sparse file cookie
* @data - pointer to data block
* @len - length of the data block
* @block - offset in blocks into the sparse file to place the data chunk
*
* Associates a data chunk with a sparse file cookie. The region
* [block * block_size : block * block_size + len) must not already be used in
* the sparse file. If len is not a multiple of the block size the data
* will be padded with zeros.
*
* The data pointer must remain valid until the sparse file is closed or the
* data block is removed from the sparse file.
*
* Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
*/
int sparse_file_add_data(struct sparse_file *s,
void *data, unsigned int len, unsigned int block);

/**
* sparse_file_add_fill - associate a fill chunk with a sparse file
*
* @s - sparse file cookie
* @fill_val - 32 bit fill data
* @len - length of the fill block
* @block - offset in blocks into the sparse file to place the fill chunk
*
* Associates a chunk filled with fill_val with a sparse file cookie.
* The region [block * block_size : block * block_size + len) must not already
* be used in the sparse file. If len is not a multiple of the block size the
* data will be padded with zeros.
*
* Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
*/
int sparse_file_add_fill(struct sparse_file *s,
uint32_t fill_val, unsigned int len, unsigned int block);

/**
* sparse_file_add_file - associate a chunk of a file with a sparse file
*
* @s - sparse file cookie
* @filename - filename of the file to be copied
* @file_offset - offset into the copied file
* @len - length of the copied block
* @block - offset in blocks into the sparse file to place the file chunk
*
* Associates a chunk of an existing file with a sparse file cookie.
* The region [block * block_size : block * block_size + len) must not already
* be used in the sparse file. If len is not a multiple of the block size the
* data will be padded with zeros.
*
* Allows adding large amounts of data to a sparse file without needing to keep
* it all mapped. File size is limited by available virtual address space,
* exceptionally large files may need to be added in multiple chunks.
*
* Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
*/
int sparse_file_add_file(struct sparse_file *s,
const char *filename, int64_t file_offset, unsigned int len,
unsigned int block);

/**
* sparse_file_add_file - associate a chunk of a file with a sparse file
*
* @s - sparse file cookie
* @filename - filename of the file to be copied
* @file_offset - offset into the copied file
* @len - length of the copied block
* @block - offset in blocks into the sparse file to place the file chunk
*
* Associates a chunk of an existing fd with a sparse file cookie.
* The region [block * block_size : block * block_size + len) must not already
* be used in the sparse file. If len is not a multiple of the block size the
* data will be padded with zeros.
*
* Allows adding large amounts of data to a sparse file without needing to keep
* it all mapped. File size is limited by available virtual address space,
* exceptionally large files may need to be added in multiple chunks.
*
* The fd must remain open until the sparse file is closed or the fd block is
* removed from the sparse file.
*
* Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
*/
int sparse_file_add_fd(struct sparse_file *s,
int fd, int64_t file_offset, unsigned int len, unsigned int block);

/**
* sparse_file_write - write a sparse file to a file
*
* @s - sparse file cookie
* @fd - file descriptor to write to
* @gz - write a gzipped file
* @sparse - write in the Android sparse file format
* @crc - append a crc chunk
*
* Writes a sparse file to a file. If gz is true, the data will be passed
* through zlib. If sparse is true, the file will be written in the Android
* sparse file format. If sparse is false, the file will be written by seeking
* over unused chunks, producing a smaller file if the filesystem supports
* sparse files. If crc is true, the crc of the expanded data will be
* calculated and appended in a crc chunk.
*
* Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
*/
int sparse_file_write(struct sparse_file *s, int fd, bool gz, bool sparse,
bool crc);

/**
* sparse_file_len - return the length of a sparse file if written to disk
*
* @s - sparse file cookie
* @sparse - write in the Android sparse file format
* @crc - append a crc chunk
*
* Returns the size a sparse file would be on disk if it were written in the
* specified format. If sparse is true, this is the size of the data in the
* sparse format. If sparse is false, this is the size of the normal
* non-sparse file.
*/
int64_t sparse_file_len(struct sparse_file *s, bool sparse, bool crc);

/**
* sparse_file_block_size
*
* @s - sparse file cookie
*/
unsigned int sparse_file_block_size(struct sparse_file *s);

/**
* sparse_file_callback - call a callback for blocks in sparse file
*
* @s - sparse file cookie
* @sparse - write in the Android sparse file format
* @crc - append a crc chunk
* @write - function to call for each block
* @priv - value that will be passed as the first argument to write
*
* Writes a sparse file by calling a callback function. If sparse is true, the
* file will be written in the Android sparse file format. If crc is true, the
* crc of the expanded data will be calculated and appended in a crc chunk.
* The callback 'write' will be called with data and length for each data,
* and with data==NULL to skip over a region (only used for non-sparse format).
* The callback should return negative on error, 0 on success.
*
* Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
*/
int sparse_file_callback(struct sparse_file *s, bool sparse, bool crc,
int (*write)(void *priv, const void *data, size_t len), void *priv);

/**
* sparse_file_foreach_chunk - call a callback for data blocks in sparse file
*
* @s - sparse file cookie
* @sparse - write in the Android sparse file format
* @crc - append a crc chunk
* @write - function to call for each block
* @priv - value that will be passed as the first argument to write
*
* The function has the same behavior as 'sparse_file_callback', except it only
* iterates on blocks that contain data.
*
* Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
*/
int sparse_file_foreach_chunk(struct sparse_file *s, bool sparse, bool crc,
int (*write)(void *priv, const void *data, size_t len, unsigned int block,
unsigned int nr_blocks),
void *priv);
/**
* sparse_file_read - read a file into a sparse file cookie
*
* @s - sparse file cookie
* @fd - file descriptor to read from
* @sparse - read a file in the Android sparse file format
* @crc - verify the crc of a file in the Android sparse file format
*
* Reads a file into a sparse file cookie. If sparse is true, the file is
* assumed to be in the Android sparse file format. If sparse is false, the
* file will be sparsed by looking for block aligned chunks of all zeros or
* another 32 bit value. If crc is true, the crc of the sparse file will be
* verified.
*
* Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
*/
int sparse_file_read(struct sparse_file *s, int fd, bool sparse, bool crc);

/**
* sparse_file_read_buf - read a buffer into a sparse file cookie
*
* @s - sparse file cookie
* @buf - buffer to read from
* @crc - verify the crc of a file in the Android sparse file format
*
* Reads a buffer into a sparse file cookie. The buffer must remain
* valid until the sparse file cookie is freed. If crc is true, the
* crc of the sparse file will be verified.
*
* Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
*/
int sparse_file_read_buf(struct sparse_file *s, char *buf, bool crc);

/**
* sparse_file_import - import an existing sparse file
*
* @fd - file descriptor to read from
* @verbose - print verbose errors while reading the sparse file
* @crc - verify the crc of a file in the Android sparse file format
*
* Reads an existing sparse file into a sparse file cookie, recreating the same
* sparse cookie that was used to write it. If verbose is true, prints verbose
* errors when the sparse file is formatted incorrectly.
*
* Returns a new sparse file cookie on success, NULL on error.
*/
struct sparse_file *sparse_file_import(int fd, bool verbose, bool crc);

/**
* sparse_file_import_buf - import an existing sparse file from a buffer
*
* @buf - buffer to read from
* @verbose - print verbose errors while reading the sparse file
* @crc - verify the crc of a file in the Android sparse file format
*
* Reads existing sparse file data into a sparse file cookie, recreating the same
* sparse cookie that was used to write it. If verbose is true, prints verbose
* errors when the sparse file is formatted incorrectly.
*
* Returns a new sparse file cookie on success, NULL on error.
*/
struct sparse_file *sparse_file_import_buf(char* buf, bool verbose, bool crc);

/**
* sparse_file_import_auto - import an existing sparse or normal file
*
* @fd - file descriptor to read from
* @crc - verify the crc of a file in the Android sparse file format
* @verbose - whether to use verbose logging
*
* Reads an existing sparse or normal file into a sparse file cookie.
* Attempts to determine if the file is sparse or not by looking for the sparse
* file magic number in the first 4 bytes. If the file is not sparse, the file
* will be sparsed by looking for block aligned chunks of all zeros or another
* 32 bit value. If crc is true, the crc of the sparse file will be verified.
*
* Returns a new sparse file cookie on success, NULL on error.
*/
struct sparse_file *sparse_file_import_auto(int fd, bool crc, bool verbose);

/** sparse_file_resparse - rechunk an existing sparse file into smaller files
*
* @in_s - sparse file cookie of the existing sparse file
* @max_len - maximum file size
* @out_s - array of sparse file cookies
* @out_s_count - size of out_s array
*
* Splits chunks of an existing sparse file into smaller sparse files such that
* each sparse file is less than max_len. Returns the number of sparse_files
* that would have been written to out_s if out_s were big enough.
*/
int sparse_file_resparse(struct sparse_file *in_s, unsigned int max_len,
struct sparse_file **out_s, int out_s_count);

/**
* sparse_file_verbose - set a sparse file cookie to print verbose errors
*
* @s - sparse file cookie
*
* Print verbose sparse file errors whenever using the sparse file cookie.
*/
void sparse_file_verbose(struct sparse_file *s);

/**
* sparse_print_verbose - function called to print verbose errors
*
* By default, verbose errors will print to standard error.
* sparse_print_verbose may be overridden to log verbose errors somewhere else.
*
*/
extern void (*sparse_print_verbose)(const char *fmt, ...);

#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif

#endif
Спасибо, кто откликнется.
Я просто читаю маны.
Спасибо сказали:
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Bizdelnick
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Re: Что такое cookie в заголовочных файлах *.h?

Сообщение Bizdelnick »

Это что-то, что разработчики решили так назвать. Весьма вероятно, что это объясняется в документации библиотеки, к которой относится этот файл.
Пишите правильно:
в консоли
вку́пе (с чем-либо)
в общем
вообще
в течение (часа)
новичок
нюанс
по умолчанию
приемлемо
проблема
пробовать
трафик
Спасибо сказали:
Аватара пользователя
жучара
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Re: Что такое cookie в заголовочных файлах *.h?

Сообщение жучара »

Bizdelnick писал:
24.09.2021 13:04
Это что-то, что разработчики решили так назвать. Весьма вероятно, что это объясняется в документации библиотеки, к которой относится этот файл.
а можно по смыслу определить, что разработчики решили так назвать? Я не могу определить, к сожалению.
Я просто читаю маны.
Спасибо сказали:
Аватара пользователя
Bizdelnick
Модератор
Сообщения: 19435
Статус: nulla salus bello
ОС: Debian GNU/Linux

Re: Что такое cookie в заголовочных файлах *.h?

Сообщение Bizdelnick »

жучара писал(а):
24.09.2021 18:24
а можно по смыслу определить, что разработчики решили так назвать? Я не могу определить, к сожалению.
Можно, если знать этот смысл. У Вас всяко больше шансов, Вы по крайней мере знаете, откуда этот файл вытащили.
Пишите правильно:
в консоли
вку́пе (с чем-либо)
в общем
вообще
в течение (часа)
новичок
нюанс
по умолчанию
приемлемо
проблема
пробовать
трафик
Спасибо сказали:
Аватара пользователя
жучара
Сообщения: 794
ОС: астралинукс

Re: Что такое cookie в заголовочных файлах *.h?

Сообщение жучара »

Bizdelnick писал:
24.09.2021 18:31
жучара писал(а):
24.09.2021 18:24
а можно по смыслу определить, что разработчики решили так назвать? Я не могу определить, к сожалению.
Можно, если знать этот смысл. У Вас всяко больше шансов, Вы по крайней мере знаете, откуда этот файл вытащили.
ну, может, кто из ребят что знает.
Я просто читаю маны.
Спасибо сказали: